Greece, also known since ancient times as Hellas, is a country located in southeastern Europe. The country has one of the longest histories of any country and is considered the cradle of Western civilization, having been the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy.
Athens, its busy capital, retains ancient landmarks including the 5th-century-B.C.E. Acropolis citadel and Parthenon temple. Greece is also known for its beaches, from the black sands of Santorini to the party resorts of Mykonos. Furthermore, it's a geographically appealing place to visit, with a mountainous mainland and idyllic island beaches!